Top 10 Largest Maize Producing Countries in the world

Top 10 Largest Maize Producing Countries in the world

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Maize is widely cultivated throughout the world, and a greater weight of maize is produced each year than any other grain.The United States produces 40% of the world’s harvest; other top producing countries include China, Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, India, France and Argentina. Worldwide production was 817 million tonnes in 2009—more than rice (678 million tonnes) or wheat (682 million tonnes). In 2009, over 159 million hectares (390 million acres) of maize were planted worldwide, with a yield of over 5 tonnes per hectare (80 bu/acre). Production can be significantly higher in certain regions of the world; 2009 forecasts for production in Iowa were 11614 kg/ha (185 bu/acre). There is conflicting evidence to support the hypothesis that maize yield potential has increased over the past few decades. This suggests that changes in yield potential are associated with leaf angle, lodging resistance, tolerance of high plant density, disease/pest tolerance, and other agronomic traits rather than increase of yield potential per individual plant.

Rank Country Production (Tonnes)

1.   United States 333,010,910

2.   Chine  163,118,097

3.   Brazil  51,232,447

4.   Mexico  17,629,740

5.   Indonesia  20,202,600

6.   India  17,300,000

7.   France  15,299,900

8.   Argentina  13,121,380

9.   South Africa  12,050,000

10.   Ukraine  10,486,300

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